Carpinus betulus

Hornbeam, European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam

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Product details

Carpinus betulus, also known as the European or Common Hornbeam, are shade-loving trees that are native to Europe and western Asia.

Carpinus betulus - winner of the Award of Garden Merit in 2002, is closely related to the hop hornbeam, Ostrya carpinifolia.

Ideal for parkland settings, Carpinus betulus is often found growing in groups near oak trees, and occasionally near beech trees as well. These trees are particularly well-suited for pleaching, a technique used for hedge formation by inter-weaving branches between trees.

The common Hornbeam is a large tree with a characteristic grey-fluted trunk with ovate, ribbed and serrated leaves (catkins appear in late spring) that turn a lovely clear yellow in autumn.

Carpinus betulus is a British native tree producing hard, finely-grained timber with many uses. The timber of the Hornbeam has traditionally been used to produce mallets, skittles and even the moving parts of pianos.

It grows well on most soils, including clay and chalk. A most useful tree for poor planting conditions.

Why do some trees hold onto their dead leaves?

Mature height: 20m+

Tree Specifications

Common names
Hornbeam, European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam
Height of tree
Foliage Colour
Information Flags
Looks good in
Autumn Colour